The Federal Trade Commission said it would levy a “record-setting” fine against Facebook for the company’s many privacy sins. But, it turns out, the fine won’t likely harm Facebook very much or

The company and the agency are still in negotiations over the amount and terms of the FTC fine. But Facebook said in its Q1 earnings report that it’s taking a $3 billion loss in preparation for paying the penalty, which it expects will be between $3 billion and $5 billion. When the markets got wind of this, the company’s stock surged 4.6% in after-hours trading, and is trading up almost 8% hours after the earnings announcement.

FB stock surged in after-hours trading on Wednesday

An FTC fine of $5 billion would be a landmark penalty for a U.S. tech company: The agency’s biggest fine, against Google in 2012, was $22 million. But investors know that Facebook’s projected fine, even at the high end, isn’t much in the context of the company’s explosive advertising business. It would represent less than 9% of the company’s 2018 revenue of nearly $56 billion.

Facebook reported Thursday that that figure grew 37.35% compared to 2017’s numbers, and that it had brought in $15 billion in revenue in the first quarter of 2019, a 26% year-over-year growth. There are few reasons to expect the party won’t continue. Facebook and Google hold the best data for targeting ads at consumers, and dominate the digital advertising industry. Smaller advertising platforms can’t aggregate the breadth and depth of social and demographic data that the two giants possess, so the duopoly persists and grows.

There’s also the question of what issues the fine will settle.

The FTC has sought to penalize Facebook for a number of privacy abuses dating back to the company’s early days. Facebook made an agreement (a “consent decree”) with the FTC in 2011 that placed it on a 20-year “probation” and required it to tell consumers when their personal data would be used for advertising or by third parties. Most experts say Facebook broke that promise when it shared the personal data of millions of users with the Trump-connected political data science firm Cambridge Analytica.

The Cambridge Analytica affair turned out to be just the first in a string of privacy scandals involving Facebook. A bombshell New York Times report in November portrayed a company that cared far more about adding users, amassing their data, and more profitably monetizing that data, than respecting the privacy of its customers.